Dublin Dental University Hospital

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Trinity College Dublin

Advanced Dental Science Course

LEARNING OUTCOMES

BIO SCIENCES

Cell Biology
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Describe the structures and functions of 4 families of macromolecules
  2. Describe at the molecular level the process of:
    • DNA replication
    • DNA transcription
    • The Cell Nucleus
    • mRNA translation into protein
  3. Illustrate the application of molecular biology in modern biomedical science.
  4. Describe the structures and signal transduction mechanisms of receptor superfamilies that mediate intercellular communication.

Microbiology
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Describe occupational risks of infection in the dental clinical setting and the strategies employed to minimise infection risks.
  2. Apply general principles of infection control and prevention in the dental clinical setting, with particular emphasis on biofilms in dental chair unit waterlines and suction systems as a source of cross infection and cross contamination and their effective control.
  3. Develop and apply appropriate risk assessment strategies to minimise risks of acquisition of Legionnaires Disease in the dental clinical setting in accordance with current national and international legislation and guidelines.
  4. Recognise the appropriate use and limitations of personal protective clothing and equipment (PPE) in the dental clinic setting.
  5. Assess appropriate strategies to prevent and /or minimise percutaneous injuries and the appropriate strategies required to manage a percutaneous injury.
  6. Implement appropriate decontamination of reusable, invasive medical devices in the dental clinic setting in accordance with current national guidelines and best practice.
  7. Assess transmissible spongiform encephalopathies and prions and their implications for the practice of dentistry.
  8. Discuss current national guidelines and legislation regarding the management of all types of healthcare waste and their implementation in the dental clinical setting.

Oral Physiology
Students who have successfully completed this course will be able to:

  1. Describe the role of saliva in maintaining oral health and the mechanisms involved in salivary secretion
  2. Analyse and appraise the process of swallowing and speech including the structure and dynamic properties of taste buds and olfactory neurons.
  3. Analyse the clinical considerations regarding taste and smell.

RESEARCH & SCIENTIFIC METHOD

Clinical Dental Photography
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Explain and practise the principles of photography and macro photography in relation to clinical dentistry.
  2. Duplicate radiographs, diagrams, models both digitally and conventionally
  3. Present clinical materials for lectures, log diaries or publications
  4. Produce high quality text slides, clinical images and illustrations for computer presentations.
  5. Operate within the data protection and medico legal aspects of the acquisition, storage use and transmission of clinical images including those of minors, including protection of patient identity.
  6. Communicate information with peers through various electronic media.
  7. Critically evaluate results obtained from clinical photographic imaging, digital radiographic and other material duplication, including clinical slides and illustrations.

Computer Based Technology
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Select and use appropriate computer packages for communication and record keeping in dental practice and professional presentations.

Introduction to Research
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Plan and implement all aspects of research project including application for ethical approval.

Research & Statistics
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. appraise study designs so as to avoid bias (sampling, randomisation and blinding)
  2. recognise the different types of data  and apply appropriate summaries
  3. interpret ranges and standard deviations as indicators of the spread of data and their effect on statistical significance
  4. interpret standard errors and confidence intervals as they relate to means
  5. apply basic principles for the comparison of means (power, t-test, types 1 and 2 errors)
  6. recognise and interpret absolute and relative risk (odds ratios and relative risk)
  7. compare categorical data for groups (Chi square test, Fishers exact test)
  8. interpret correlations

Scientific Writing
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. appraise conventions used in scientific writing including moves made by scientific writers to establish their research space when writing abstracts and introductions
  2. select reporting verbs, when writing citations, to demonstrate understanding, to reflect their own and reported author’s attitude and stance towards the validity of the reported information, and to put their own work into a particular perspective in relation to other researcher’s work.
  3. Choose concise, precise, and substantive discourse in the appropriate brow by controlling tone, word choice, and level of detail appropriate to the particular genre and intended audience.

Presentation, Communication Skills & Research
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Critically evaluate and professionally develop their presentation and communication skills.
  2. Identify different aspects of both verbal and non verbal communication
  3. Develop communication techniques including giving feedback and managing interactions with both groups and individuals.
  4. Clarify the purpose, content and context of presentations.
  5. Manage the planning, preparation, delivery and assessment phases of presentations
  6. Identify and implement strategies for overcoming nerves and unforeseen events.
  7. Deliver a presentation to peers based on their research protocols, work in progress or completed projects
  8. Use effective methods of communication to deliver and receive feedback.

EndNote Training
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Use approprioate bibliographic reference software to store, manage, organise and format bibliographic references to be used in research papers and publications
  2. Create and format citations and bibliographies for research papers or thesis.

CT Scanning for Planning Dental Implants (Simplant course)
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:
Analyse and practice the use of CT Scanning for Planning Dental Implants (Simplant) including recent technical advances:

  1. 16 and 64 Slice CT Scanners
  2. Cone beam CT Scanners
  3. New surgical drill guides

Imaging
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Select various imaging modalities used within the field of dentistry.
  2. Assess risk and benefits associated with various procedures and the typical doses involved.
  3. Describe basic radiographic anatomy of standard projections, typical film faults and the limitations of interpreting a two dimensional image of a three dimensional structure.
  4. Describe harmful effects of radiation and measures that should be taken to minimise risks to patients, staff and the public.
  5. Evaluate other imaging modalities and their applications within dentistry.

BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCE

Psychology & Behavioural Science
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Describe the basic principles of Psychology
  2. Explain psychology as it relates the person and health
  3. Outline the models of health behaviour and illness perceptions
  4. Appraise issues relating to stress and health: Psychoneuroimmunology
  5. Evaluate risk, difficulties in communication and available techniques.
  6. Evaluate developmental perspective Psychology

Health Care Economics
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Explain economic principles and how they can be applied to health and health care.
  2. Consider the market for health care and market failures in finance and delivery of care.
  3. Compare different approaches to financing of health services and their effects.
  4. Introduce the concepts in economic evaluation and setting priorities in provision of services.
  5. Evaluate key aspects of the market for health and health care, and the links between these and the ways in which health care is financed and delivered.
  6. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches to mitigate the effects of market failure in health care.
  7. Define the different mechanisms for financing health care, and their likely impact on efficiency of health services and access to care.
  8. Identify the purpose and approach in economic evaluation, and the meaning of economic evidence.

Professional Ethics
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Describe the basic principles of medical ethics and the professional regulations and legal framework within which dentistry is carried out in Ireland the U.K.
  2. Demonstrate independent thought and judgement on dento-legal issues.
  3. Appraise the legal, practical and ethical issues involved in the use of animals in research.
  4. Analyse a case using the four principles of medical ethics and the legal framework
  5. Consider details of the law and professional regulations as they apply to consent to treatment, confidentiality, good record keeping and negligence.

Pain
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Analyse information on the clinical management, differential diagnosis and pathophysiological mechanisms of orofacial pain.
  2. Describe the development of pain science, current terminology and the role of pain management in dentistry.
  3. Discuss the mechanisms of neuropathic, neurovascular and musculosketal pain in the orofacial region.
  4. Evaluate clinical assessment procedures including history taking, physical examination and special tests.
  5. Criticise interventional and non-interventional methods of chronic pain management.
  6. Discuss temporomandibular joint pain: current opinion, aetiology, diagnosis and management.

Thesis Preparation
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:
Design, organise, write and present a substantial, intellectually challenging research project related to their field of study under the guidance of and in collaboration with their supervisor according to the University guidelines.

Practice Management
Students who have successfully completed this component of the module will be able to:

  1. Analyse criteria for selection of a location for a dental practice
  2. Appraise suitability of various money loan institutions, financial management systems and the value of pension funds
  3. Discuss the management of patient database within the practice and various computer models.
  4. Identify equipment and stock control measures
  5. Explore staff recruitment, management and development of the dental team
  6. Identify ergonomics and surgery design
  7. Describe strategies for leisure time.